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Energy transition in the electricity sector

The share of renewable energies in gross electricity consumption in Germany has risen to 45 percent in 2020. This electricity is largely fed into the grid by wind energy, biomass and photovoltaic plants or used for self-consumption. In addition, hydropower and geothermal energy are also helping to increase the share of renewable sources in the German electricity mix.

Gross electricity production in Germany amounted to 564 terrawatt hours in 2020. The chart shows the distribution by energy source in percent - preliminary data, status: December 2020.

Electricity demand must be covered even when there is no wind or sunshine. Conventional power plants are used to secure the supply. They must respond flexibly to fluctuations – which means they must be able to operate cost- and resource-efficiently in partial- and minimum-load operation.

Renewable and conventional energy sources must be optimally interlinked in order to successfully transform the energy system. Technological innovations in science and development are crucial in ensuring that this transformation is both climate-friendly and sustainable in the long run. Research into future-proof power generation technologies is an important mainstay in this context.

The German government plans to successively transform the country’s energy supply by 2050. The aim is to significantly increase the energy efficiency and cover a minimum of 80 per cent of the remaining energy requirements with renewable sources. Future-proof power generation technologies play a key role in this context.

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